Acne & Acne Scar Removal Treatment
Many of us will have experienced the distress and embarrassment of an acne breakout at some time during our teens and early 20s. Even though acne is something you eventually ‘grow out of’, for many people, acne causes significant psychological suffering and more so if the acne results in scarring.
If you have acne or acne scars that make you feel self-conscious or upset, there is a safe and effective treatment options available to you to reduce its appearance and make the skin look smoother.
This page examines how acne occurs, what causes the scarring and the treatment options available for acne and acne scars.
Acne & Acne Scarring Treatment – Overview
Before we talk about acne and acne scarring, it is helpful to understand a little bit about the structure of the skin (Figure 1). The skin is composed of three layers:
- Epidermis – a thin layer consisting of the skin cells (keratinocytes and melanocytes) that form the skin’s protective barrier.
- Dermis – containing sweat glands, hair follicles and oil glands, nerves and blood vessels, and cells called fibroblasts that produce collagen and elastin.
- Subcutaneous fat layer – connects your skin to the underlying muscles and bones and controls your body temperature.
Acne is the result of blocked hair follicles, that get infected by bacteria. The infection makes the area red, swollen and sore. If an infected hair follicle bursts deep in the dermis of the skin, the body acts to repair the damage. A scar is formed if the repair is irregular, which changes the appearance of the skin’s surface.
The best way to prevent acne scars is to either prevent the acne occurring, or treat it quickly so there is no long term damage to the underlying skin structure.